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Samba 速成,更深入在以后讨论

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发表于 2004-10-17 20:42:03 | 显示全部楼层
win访问偶机子提示要输入密码

192.168.0.5\Guest

输入密码。。。

可是我已经设置成guest account = nobody 了啊?

=====================================
bash-2.05b# testparm
Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf
Processing section "[homes]"
Processing section "[printers]"
Processing section "[print$]"
Processing section "[myshare]"
Unknown parameter encountered: "client code page"
Ignoring unknown parameter "client code page"
Global parameter dos charset found in service section!
Global parameter unix charset found in service section!
Loaded services file OK.
Server role: ROLE_STANDALONE
Press enter to see a dump of your service definitions

# Global parameters
[global]
        workgroup = LINUX
        netbios name = VVLAW'S GENTOO
        server string = Samba Server %v
        security = SHARE
        map to guest = Bad User
        log file = /var/log/samba3/log.%m
        max log size = 50
        socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
        dns proxy = No
        printer admin = @adm

[homes]
        comment = Home Directories
        read only = No
        browseable = No

[printers]
        comment = All Printers
        path = /var/spool/samba
        create mask = 0700
        guest ok = Yes
        printable = Yes
        print command = lpr-cups -P %p -o raw %s -r   # using client side printer drivers.
        browseable = No

[print$]
        path = /var/lib/samba/printers
        write list = @adm, root
        guest ok = Yes

[myshare]
        comment = vvlaw's share
        path = /home/movies/
        read only = No
        create mask = 0755
        guest ok = Yes
bash-2.05b#
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发表于 2004-10-19 11:00:55 | 显示全部楼层
呵呵,我刚接触LINUX不久,看的不是太懂,不过我会努力的,谢谢楼主!
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发表于 2004-10-21 15:35:44 | 显示全部楼层
我在RH9中配置了samba,现在是RH9能访问WIN98系统而不能访问NT内核(WIN2000、XP)的系统(在浏览器可以看到机器但不能访问,在SHELL中连接失败),NT内核的系统(2K、XP)能访问RH9但WIN98系统却不能对RH9进行访问(找不到机器),不知是什么原因?
另外,也有中文乱码的问题。在SHELL中访问WINDOWS时中文能正常显示,而使用浏览器查看就是乱码了,如何解决?
谢谢了!
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发表于 2004-10-22 15:50:52 | 显示全部楼层
现在已经可以与NT内核的WINDOWS系统互访,只是在终端里进行访问时不需要密码,在浏览器进行访问时需要用户名和密码才能登入(WINDOWS其实没有设置密码,用RH中的一个用户登录的)。WIN98还是不能访问RH9。
显示中文还是有问题,而且中文的文件夹不能使用,打开后也什么看不到。
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发表于 2004-10-31 00:09:42 | 显示全部楼层
各位高手帮我一下啊,我配置好了smb.conf并启动了smb服务 之后, 也用testparm测试服务成功
但我在windows2003里面的网上邻居看得到我的linux机子,打开却只有计划任务这个共享目录,其它我还共享了几个目录却看不到,实在不明白了!!请看看我的smb.conf配置文件内容:





# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
#
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.
#
#======================= Global Settings =====================================
[global]

# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
   workgroup = MYGROUP

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
   server string = Samba Server

# This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
# connections to machines which are on your local network. The
# following example restricts access to two C class networks and
# the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
# the smb.conf man page
;   hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.

# if you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
   printcap name = /etc/printcap
   load printers = yes

# It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless
# yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
# bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx, cups
   printing = cups

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
# otherwise the user "nobody" is used
;  guest account = pcguest

# this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
   log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
   max log size = 0

# Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
# security_level.txt for details.
   security = user

# Use password server option only with security = server
# The argument list may include:
#   password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
#   password server = *
;   password server = <NT-Server-Name>

# Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
# all combinations of upper and lower case.
;  password level = 8
;  uname level = 8

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
# ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
# Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
   encrypt passwords = yes
   smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
   null passwords=yes
# The following is needed to keep smbclient from spouting spurious errors
# when Samba is built with support for SSL.
;   ssl CA certFile = /usr/share/ssl/certs/ca-bundle.crt

# The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to
# update the Linux system password also.
# NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above.
# NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only
#        the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password
#        to be kept in sync with the SMB password.
   unix password sync = Yes
   passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
   passwd chat = *New*password* %n\n *Retype*new*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*

# You can use PAM's password change control flag for Samba. If
# enabled, then PAM will be used for password changes when requested
# by an SMB client instead of the program listed in passwd program.
# It should be possible to enable this without changing your passwd
# chat parameter for most setups.

   pam password change = yes

# Unix users can map to different SMB User names
;  uname map = /etc/samba/smbusers

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
;   include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

# This parameter will control whether or not Samba should obey PAM's
# account and session management directives. The default behavior is
# to use PAM for clear text authentication only and to ignore any
# account or session management. Note that Samba always ignores PAM
# for authentication in the case of encrypt passwords = yes

  obey pam restrictions = yes

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
   socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
# here. See the man page for details.
;   interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24

# Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
#  request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
#        a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)
;   remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255
# Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
;   remote announce = 192.168.1.255 192.168.2.44

# Browser Control Options:
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
;   local master = no

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
;   os level = 33

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
;   domain master = yes

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
;   preferred master = yes

# Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
# Windows95 workstations.
;   domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
# per user logon script
# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
;   logon script = %m.bat
# run a specific logon batch file per uname
;   logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
#        %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is uname
#        You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
;   logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
;   wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
#        Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
;   wins server = w.x.y.z

# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one        WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
;   wins proxy = yes

# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
# this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
   dns proxy = no

# Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_
# NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis
;  preserve case = no
;  short preserve case = no
# Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files
;  default case = lower
# Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things!
;  case sensitive = no

#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
[homes]
   comment = Home Directories
   browseable = no
   writable = no
   valid users = %S
   create mode = 0664
   directory mode = 0775
# If you want users samba doesn't recognize to be mapped to a guest user
; map to guest = bad user


# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
; [netlogon]
;   comment = Network Logon Service
;   path = /usr/local/samba/lib/netlogon
;   guest ok = yes
;   writable = no
;   share modes = no


# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
;[Profiles]
;    path = /usr/local/samba/profiles
;    browseable = no
;    guest ok = yes


# NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to
# specifically define each individual printer
[printers]
   comment = All Printers
   path = /var/spool/samba
   browseable = no
# Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print
   guest ok = yes
   writable = no
   printable = yes

# This one is useful for people to share files
[tmp]
   comment = Temporary file space
   path = /tmp
   read only = no
   public = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
[public]
   comment = Public Stuff
   path = /home/samba
   public = yes
   writable = no
   printable = no
   write list = @staff


# Other examples.
#
# A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's
# home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory,
# wherever it is.
;[fredsprn]
;   comment = Fred's Printer
;   valid users = fred
;   path = /home/fred
;   printer = freds_printer
;   public = no
;   writable = no
;   printable = yes

# A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write
# access to the directory.
;[fredsdir]
;   comment = Fred's Service
;   path = /usr/somewhere/private
;   valid users = fred
;   public = no
;   writable = no
;   printable = no

# a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects
# this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could
# also use the %U option to tailor it by user name.
# The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting.
;[pchome]
;  comment = PC Directories
;  path = /usr/local/pc/%m
;  public = no
;  writable = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files
# created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so
# any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this
# directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course
# be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.
[public]
   path = /mnt/soft/move/
   public = yes
   only guest = yes
   writable = no
   printable = no

# The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two
# users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this
# setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the
# sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to
# as many users as required.
;[myshare]
;   comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff
;   path = /usr/somewhere/shared
;   valid users = mary fred
;   public = no
;   writable =no
;   printable = no
;   create mask = 0765
[share]
comment=my share
path=/mnt/data/
valid users=administrator,user$
public=yes
writable=no
printable=no
create mask=0765
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发表于 2004-10-31 00:19:01 | 显示全部楼层
用testparm工具测试结果如下:
[root@localhost samba]# testparm
Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf
Processing section "[homes]"
Processing section "[printers]"
Processing section "[tmp]"
Processing section "[public]"
Processing section "[public]"
Processing section "[share]"
Loaded services file OK.
Press enter to see a dump of your service definitions

# Global parameters
[global]
        coding system =
        client code page = 850
        code page directory = /usr/share/samba/codepages
        workgroup = MYGROUP
        netbios name =
        netbios aliases =
        netbios scope =
        server string = Samba Server
        interfaces =
        bind interfaces only = No
        security = USER
        encrypt passwords = Yes
        update encrypted = No
        allow trusted domains = Yes
        hosts equiv =
        min passwd length = 5
        map to guest = Never
        null passwords = Yes
        obey pam restrictions = Yes
        password server =
        smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
        root directory =
        pam password change = Yes
        passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
        passwd chat = *New*password* %n\n *Retype*new*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*
        passwd chat debug = No
        uname map =
        password level = 0
        uname level = 0
        unix password sync = Yes
        restrict anonymous = No
        lanman auth = Yes
        use rhosts = No
        admin log = No
        log level = 0
        syslog = 1
        syslog only = No
        log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
        max log size = 0
        timestamp logs = Yes
        debug hires timestamp = No
        debug pid = No
        debug uid = No
        protocol = NT1
        large readwrite = Yes
        max protocol = NT1
        min protocol = CORE
        read bmpx = No
        read raw = Yes
        write raw = Yes
        nt smb support = Yes
        nt pipe support = Yes
        nt status support = Yes
        announce version = 4.9
        announce as = NT
        max mux = 50
        max xmit = 16644
        name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast
        max ttl = 259200
        max wins ttl = 518400
        min wins ttl = 21600
        time server = No
        unix extensions = No
        change notify timeout = 60
        deadtime = 0
        getwd cache = Yes
        keepalive = 300
        lpq cache time = 10
        max smbd processes = 0
        max disk size = 0
        max open files = 10000
        name cache timeout = 660
        read size = 16384
        socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
        stat cache size = 50
        use mmap = Yes
        total print jobs = 0
        load printers = Yes
        printcap name = /etc/printcap
        disable spoolss = No
        enumports command =
        addprinter command =
        deleteprinter command =
        show add printer wizard = Yes
        os2 driver map =
        strip dot = No
        mangling method = hash
        character set =
        mangled stack = 50
        stat cache = Yes
        domain admin group =
        domain guest group =
        machine password timeout = 604800
        add user script =
        delete user script =
        logon script =
        logon path = \\%N\%U\profile
        logon drive =
        logon home = \\%N\%U
        domain logons = No
        os level = 20
        lm announce = Auto
        lm interval = 60
        preferred master = Auto
        local master = Yes
        domain master = Auto
        browse list = Yes
        enhanced browsing = Yes
        dns proxy = No
        wins proxy = No
        wins server =
        wins support = No
        wins hook =
        kernel oplocks = Yes
        lock spin count = 3
        lock spin time = 10
        oplock break wait time = 0
        add share command =
        change share command =
        delete share command =
        config file =
        preload =
        lock dir = /var/cache/samba
        pid directory = /var/run/samba
        utmp directory =
        wtmp directory =
        utmp = No
        default service =
        message command =
        dfree command =
        valid chars =
        remote announce =
        remote browse sync =
        socket address = 0.0.0.0
        homedir map = auto.home
        time offset = 0
        NIS homedir = No
        source environment =
        panic action =
        hide local users = No
        host msdfs = No
        winbind uid =
        winbind gid =
        template homedir = /home/%D/%U
        template shell = /bin/false
        winbind separator = \
        winbind cache time = 15
        winbind enum users = Yes
        winbind enum groups = Yes
        winbind use default domain = No
        comment =
        path =
        alternate permissions = No
        uname =
        guest account = nobody
        invalid users =
        valid users =
        admin users =
        read list =
        write list =
        printer admin =
        force user =
        force group =
        read only = Yes
        create mask = 0744
        force create mode = 00
        security mask = 0777
        force security mode = 00
        directory mask = 0755
        force directory mode = 00
        directory security mask = 0777
        force directory security mode = 00
        force unknown acl user = 00
        inherit permissions = No
        inherit acls = No
        guest only = No
        guest ok = No
        only user = No
        hosts allow =
        hosts deny =
        status = Yes
        nt acl support = Yes
        profile acls = No
        block size = 1024
        max connections = 0
        min print space = 0
        strict allocate = No
        strict sync = No
        sync always = No
        write cache size = 0
        max print jobs = 1000
        printable = No
        postscript = No
        printing = cups
        print command = lpr -r -P%p %s
        lpq command = lpq -P%p
        lprm command = lprm -P%p %j
        lppause command =
        lpresume command =
        queuepause command =
        queueresume command =
        printer name =
        use client driver = No
        default devmode = No
        printer driver =
        printer driver file = /etc/samba/printers.def
        printer driver location =
        default case = lower
        case sensitive = No
        preserve case = Yes
        short preserve case = Yes
        mangle case = No
        mangling char = ~
        hide dot files = Yes
        hide unreadable = No
        delete veto files = No
        veto files =
        hide files =
        veto oplock files =
        map system = No
        map hidden = No
        map archive = Yes
        mangled names = Yes
        mangled map =
        browseable = Yes
        blocking locks = Yes
        csc policy = manual
        fake oplocks = No
        locking = Yes
        oplocks = Yes
        level2 oplocks = Yes
        oplock contention limit = 2
        posix locking = Yes
        strict locking = No
        share modes = Yes
        copy =
        include =
        exec =
        preexec close = No
        postexec =
        root preexec =
        root preexec close = No
        root postexec =
        available = Yes
        volume =
        fstype = NTFS
        set directory = No
        wide links = Yes
        follow symlinks = Yes
        dont descend =
        magic script =
        magic output =
        delete readonly = No
        dos filemode = No
        dos filetimes = No
        dos filetime resolution = No
        fake directory create times = No
        vfs object =
        vfs options =
        msdfs root = No

[homes]
        comment = Home Directories
        valid users = %S
        create mask = 0664
        directory mask = 0775
        browseable = No

[printers]
        comment = All Printers
        path = /var/spool/samba
        guest ok = Yes
        printable = Yes
        browseable = No

[tmp]
        comment = Temporary file space
        path = /tmp
        read only = No
        guest ok = Yes

[public]
        comment = Public Stuff
        path = /mnt/soft/move/
        write list = @staff
        guest only = Yes
        guest ok = Yes

[share]
        comment = my share
        path = /mnt/data/
        valid users = administrator,user$
        create mask = 0765
        guest ok = Yes
请各位高手提示一下,小弟在此谢过了!!!
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发表于 2004-11-3 13:26:38 | 显示全部楼层
没有图形界面的配置资料吗??
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发表于 2004-11-10 08:42:09 | 显示全部楼层
我也是在VMware里虚拟的linux,能上网,设的samba能被别人的WIN2000找到,但现在我想找别人WIN机子上的共享,却不知道怎么去找,谁能把操作过程写清楚吗?谢谢。
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发表于 2004-12-9 10:23:45 | 显示全部楼层
你是不是没有启动smb服务器?文件的权限你没有修改?create mode = 0664
directory mode = 0775 ,create mode 是文件权限,directory mode是目录权限。
不可能做不到,smb服务器很简单的。
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发表于 2004-12-23 06:13:15 | 显示全部楼层

xp访问SAMBA问题

我设好了SAMBA,并在WIN2000里能完全访问,但是在XP中只要是中文目录下的文件或者是中文文件名的程序就不能直接执行,会显示“WINDOWS无法访问指定的设备,路径或文件。您可能没有合适的权限访问这个项目。”有没有解决方法?
这是我SMB。CONF的设置:
[global]
        client code page =936
        dos charset = cp936
        unix charset = cp936
        workgroup = mygroup
        server string = samba server
        map to guest = Bad Password
        null passwords = Yes
        guest account = nobody
        passwd chat debug = Yes
        unix password sync = Yes
        log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
        max log size = 50
        socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
        domain logons = Yes
        domain master = Yes
        dns proxy = No
        ldap ssl = no
        create mask = 0755
        guest ok = Yes
        cups options = raw
        dos filemode = Yes
        dos filetimes = Yes
        Security = user
        encrypt passwords = yes
        smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

[homes]
        comment = Home Directories
        read only = No
        browseable = No

[printers]
        comment = All Printers
        path = /var/spool/samba
        printable = Yes
        browseable = No

[tmp]
        path = /tmp
        read only = No
        browseable = yes
        guest ok = true
        writeable = yes
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发表于 2004-12-24 13:16:06 | 显示全部楼层
好帖子
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发表于 2004-12-24 13:28:20 | 显示全部楼层
hosts allow = 127.0.0. 192.168.20. 192.168.30. 211.148.130.128/255.255.255.240
楼主这段描述是什么意思啊
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